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First Step:  Determine the Type of Flat Roof Membrane

There are basically three types of roof membranes used:

  1. EPDM Rubber Membrane – you can tell it by the look and feel of it. It is smooth and looks like the rubber of an inner tube of a tire. This is the most common roofing material used by most roofing contractors
  2. TPO Vinyl Membrane – this is normally white and has a plastic vinyl feel to it. This type of membrane is the least used by roofing contractors.
  3. Modified Bitumen Torch Down Rubber Membrane – This type of rubber membrane comes only three feet wide, So if you see seams every three feet wide you know its some kind of a Modified Bitumen rubber. These membranes are either painted with a Silver paint or have Ceramic granules embedded on the surface.

In this video, I point out possible issues to look for on flashing against a chimney or brick wall.

To be able to make a Flat Roof Repair, the area that causes the leak must be identified. There are several videos on this page that will help you do just that.

This image helps you to find out what type of flat roof membrane you have: EPDM, TPO Vinyl and MB Torch Down rubber roofs

Second Step: Determine how old the roof is

An invoice or receipt will help or call the roofing contractor that did the installation. You can rough guestimate the age as well.

Advice from Flat Roof Doctor:

If a particular roofing membrane has reached its expected life, then it becomes questionable to make extensive repairs on:


Life Expectancy of different Roofing Materials

  • Torch Down Rubber Membrane  –  Life expectancy changes drastically if it goes unprotected
  • EPDM Rubber and TPO Vinyl does not come with ultraviolet protection

Ultraviolet Rays cause roofs to fail. It depends on what part of the country and how much the roof was exposed to the sun, how long a roof will last.

Third Step: Determine where the area is that causes the problem to make the necessary repairs.

Each roofing system has its own issues that could cause leaks. Once you know what roofing system you have and how old it is, then you need to identify what is causing the leak. There are many objects that could be causing a leak.



A list of possible things:

  1. Flashing against siding, air conditioner or vent
  2. Underneath the half round pipes that covers a parapet wall
  3. Doors leading unto the flat roof –  the sill
  4. Drains that are not properly connected to the membrane
  5. Seams on the membrane – especially on EPDM and Torch Down Roofs
  6. Vent pipes from bathrooms
  7. Skylights cause a lot of leaks

Choose below your specific roof type where you will find videos, tool and material list and instructions on how to repair your roof

Below is a list of Categories

Flat Roof Drains

Always make sure you have a large metal drain strainer for a flat roof repair
Main Page: Drains, Scuppers, gutters
  1. Other Articles:
  • Flat Roof Drains
  • Scuppers
  • Gutters
  • Drain Strainers
  • 3D Video designing a perfect drain
  • Ice and gutters
More Flat Roof Repairs

General Roof Repairs

How to Fix a Flat roof - remove debris from drains so water can flow freely
Articles About:
  1. Fixing a leaky post on a deck
  2. Leak Repairs on Flat Roofs
  3. Flashing and Siding cause leaks
  4. When not to repair a flat roof
  5. Valley Flashing - repairs
These articles are to help you to identify ...
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Rubber Membrane Repair Torch Down – DIY Videos

Flat Roof Repair - Pennsylvania, New York, Connecticut, Texas, California
  1. Main Page: Torch Down Rubber Membrane Repair
  2. Other Articles:
  • Materials and Tools list  with instructions to fix a Torch Down Rubber Roof
  • What to look for before making roof repairs
  • Comparing Torch Downs with other Roof systems
  • Aluminum ...
    More Flat Roof Repairs

Metal Roof Repair

Metal Roof Repair
Articles and Videos about:
  1. Fixing and Recovering an old metal roof
  2. Our method patching it with rubber
  3. Showing silicone spray destroying a metal roof
  4. Installing a Rubber Roof over a metal roof
Cost effective Metal Roof Repairs Many old ...
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TPO Vinyl Membrane Repair

TPO Tools for Flat Roof Repair in Connecticut, Pennsylvania, Texas, California
Articles/ Videos about TPO Membrane:
  1. Main Page: How to repair a TPO membrane
  2. Other Articles:
  • TPO and PVC Roofing - Single Ply Roofing System
  • Advantages and Disadvantages of a TPO roof
  • TPO Roofing membrane
  • Fixing a TPO ...
    More Flat Roof Repairs

Silver Coating or Aluminum Coating

Karnak Aluminum Asphalt Roof coating
Make sure the roof is well prepared before applying Silver Coating to a Torch Down Rubber Membrane Article and Video about:
  1. A video explaining the "Silver Coating"
  2. Advantages and Disadvantages
  3. Stone or Rock used for UV protection
  4. Embedded Ceramic ...
    More Flat Roof Repairs

EPDM Rubber Roof Repair

EPDM Tools for a Flat Roof repair - CT, PA, NY, CA, TX, CA
Articles/ Videos about EPDM Rubber:
  1. Main Page: DIY  EPDM Rubber Roof Repair instructions
  2. Other Articles:
  • Comparing EPDM Rubber with Torch Down
  • Explaining three types of Rubber membranes
  • Ultra Violet Degradation of EPDM Rubber
  • EPDM Rubber Roof Issues
  • ...
    More Flat Roof Repairs

Skylight Repairs

Skylight Repair on a Flat Roof - CT, PA, NY, TX, CA
Articles and Videos about:
  1. How to fix a skylight leak
  2. Flat Roof Leaks caused by skylights
  3. What cause a skylight to leak
  4. Different Style Skylights for flat roofs
  5. Replacing a gasket on a skylight
Skylight Repairs on Flat ...
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Chimney Repairs on Flat Roofs

Chimney Repairs on Flat roofs - Flashing, cracks in the brickwork and the crown can cause a leaky flat roof
Chimney Articles about:
  1. How to seal a Chimney Leak
  2. Repair and Maintenance of a Chimney
  3. Chimney Grout and Repointing
  4. Chimney Leaks - how to find and fix them
  5. Flashing on a chimney causing a leak
Fixing or Repairing Chimneys ...
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How to Determine the Type of Flat Roof Membrane to make roof repairs

Tools to repair rubber membranes
Always make sure you use the right roofing materials for flat roof repairs First Step:  Determine the Type of Flat Roof Membrane There are basically three types of roof membranes used:
  1. EPDM Rubber Membrane - you can tell it by the ...
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